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Physics

Physics is the study of how matter and energy interact with one another and how their interactions influence one another over time and space. Albert Einstein, Lev Landau, Niels Bohr, Galileo Galilei, Richard Feynman and Paul Dirac are some of the notable personalities in this field. From the smallest key components of all materials to the largest scales possible, physics is at the core of anything and everything: small particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, large molecules, living cells, solids, liquids, gases, plasmas, living beings, the brain, complex structures, quantum computers, the environment, planets, stars, galaxies, and the cosmos itself. 

The specialization available in this field includes nuclear physics, biophysics, optical physics, plasma physics, fluid physics, acoustic physics, astrophysics, geophysics and material physics. During the period a student of physics gets opportunity to have in depth knowledge subjects like mathematics and chemistry other than physics. 

Candidates possessing key skills like problem solving skills, critical thinking skills, logical thinking skills, ability to pay attention to the detail, analytical thinking skills and above all a true interest to explore the subject can excel in this field.

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Rintu Ignatious
MA English My Study India

Scope of Physics

Physics is an essential aspect of science and technology; it is used to solve problems and comprehend how the universe functions at the most fundamental level. Physics knowledge aids in the resolution of environmental, societal, health, and technical issues. The professionals in this field can find job roles in both public and private sectors. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) , Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) , Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL) and Defense Research Developmental Organisation (DRDO) are some of the governmental organizations that hires professionals in this field. Their work fields include educational institutes, aerospace industry, manufacturing industry, engineering and research and development. The average income of a professional in this field ranges from INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000.

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

10, +2 level in Science stream or Diploma or equivalent with 50% aggregate from a recognized board .

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

The candidates who are willing to take up this course must possess a minimum of 50% of score in their 10+2 or equivalent examinations in science stream in a recognized board school.

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

The candidates should have completed 10+2 or its equivalent exam in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects to qualify the eligibility criteria for the course. It is generally a three academic year course and it may be provided on a part-time basis by certain institutes.

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

The basic BSc course eligibility is to have at least 50% in Class XII from any recognized board. Some premier colleges ask for 60% marks.

The students must have studied core subjects like Maths, Physics, Chemistry and Biology at their Higher Secondary level.

The minimum age limit for BSc course admission in India is 18 years.

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

Interested aspirants for the BSc Physics course are required to fulfil all of the below-mentioned eligibility criteria:

Students must have cleared their High School, i.e. 10+2 examinations with PCM or PCB stream.

For lateral entry in 2nd year, they must have got percentile 60% or above in their first year.

Duration: 5 years
Eligibility:

Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English must be subjects studied in Class XII. Candidates must have scored at least 60% average (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English) in Class XII and X. Candidates must also meet the age criteria defined by a specific institute.

Description:

The integrated program is open to students with 10+2 passed in Pure Science with Physics and Mathematics as Major papers. There is a variety of core-papers that emphasize the fundamentals while keeping in mind the evolving nature of subjects. A strong laboratory component, research driven academic activities allows the students to explore a range of experiments from classic ones to those that are more recent and advanced. A platter of advanced elective and foundation courses, specialization papers offer a glimpse into frontier areas of research

Duration: 3 years
Eligibility:

The candidates who have completed their higher education that is 12th with science as their major discipline with at last minimum aggregate marks obtained in their exams are eligible for this course. Some institutions consider the score in the entrance tests based on the subjects covered and may consider that scores also.

Duration: 5 years
Eligibility:

students should have passed 10 + 2 with PCM / PCB with 60% aggregate from a recognised board

Duration: 3 years
Eligibility:

The candidate passed in 10 + 2 science examination with minimum 45% marks 

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

Students must have passed Xth and XIIth with physics, chemistry, biology/mathematics as core subjects with a minimum of 50%. 

Description:

This program introduces students to the field of laser physics and technology. Laser physics and technology underlie a diverse array of fields, ranging from fundamental physics to engineering, environmental studies, chemistry, biology and medicine. The program consists of core theory and laboratory training in physics, with emphasis on electromagnetic radiation, optics, quantum mechanics and lasers. Students are able to supplement this core with a range of courses including mathematics, computing and electrical engineering. A key feature of the program is the inclusion of cross-disciplinary tutorials from academic staff as well as tutoring sessions by guest presenters from photonics and defence industries. This direct exposure provides the opportunity for mentoring relationships to be formed, which enhances student participation in research projects alongside established scientists in industry and physics discipline laboratories.

Duration: 3 Years
Eligibility:

Aspiring students should have completed B.Sc. (Applied Physics) degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination in Science stream from a recognized board of the country.

Description:

Applied physics is a science and a bridge or a connection between physics and engineering. It is applied for particular technological or practical use. The degree course covers the study of topics and subjects like industrial engineering, astrophysics, computer science, business informatics, forensics, chemistry, biology, computer technology, mathematics, economics, social sciences, workplace safety, and other business-related courses. 

Duration: 3 years
Eligibility:

Candidates should clear Class 12th in Science stream with at least 50% - 60% aggregate marks.

Description:

A degree program such as this trains students in the technology and practices associated with managing and engineering new and existing materials.

Duration: 4 years
Eligibility:

students must have passed Xth and XIIth with physics, chemistry, biology/mathematics as core subjects with a minimum of 50%.

Description:

This program prepares students for professional work as a physicist, and is the first step to graduate work in physics. It is also excellent preparation for graduate programs in medicine, law or engineering, as well as for technical jobs in industry.

Duration: 3 YEARS
Eligibility:

Candidates must have passed their 10+2 level of education from a recognised educational Board.

Duration: 1 year
Eligibility:

Graduate in Science or Engineering from a recognized University/College established by law with minimum 45% marks (40% for SC/ST) or

equivalent grade)

Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility:

A pass in bachelors in science with physics as one of the main from a recognised University in India or abroad.

Description:

M.Sc Physics is a two-year-long postgraduate course that deals with the study of matter, quantum optics, lasers, solid-state physics, materials science, high energy physics, nonlinear optics, etc. M.Sc Physics courses in India prepares students for a wide range of job opportunities, such as Secondary School Teacher, Lecturer, Speaker, Physics Teacher - Postsecondary, Technical Writer, Embedded Software Engineer, Astronaut, Chartered Physicist, and many more.

Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility:

The aspiring candidates should possess B.Sc with Physics as the main subject/ applied physics/ electronic engineering from a recognized university. Students should have strong skills in English. Admission is based on written test and interview.


Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility:

The candidate must hold a B.Sc degree in Physics/ Electronics/Computer Science. Minimum percentage in the qualifying examination should be 50%. Candidates who hold a BE/ B. Tech degree in any branch are also eligible to apply.

Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility:

Students having a B.E./B. Tech. in relevant subject with 60 % or equivalent CGPA are eligible for the degree course.

Duration: 2 Years
Eligibility:

The candidates should have completed B.Sc. degree under any registered University with subjects like Physics, Electronics, Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Microbiology.

Description:

Applied physics is a general term for physics that is intended for a particular technological or practical use. In other words, applied physics is rooted in the fundamental truths and basic concepts of the physical sciences but is concerned with the utilization of these scientific principles in practical devices and systems

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

BSc in Physics or its equivalent

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

Understudies ought to have passed B.Sc. (Material science) with Mathematics as one of the unified subjects/B.Sc. Triple Major viz. Material science, Chemistry and Mathematics/B.Sc. (Physical/Chemical/Biological/Applied Sciences) with Mathematics and Physics as associated subjects.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:
  • Aspiring candidates should have passed a Bachelor’s Degree (Physics & Chemistry) with at least 50% marks or equivalent CGPA
  • Candidates whose results have not been declared but are expecting to pass in the first division can also appear in the entrance test.
  • Some of the very reputed universities and colleges conduct an entrance examination for admission.
Description:

Photonics is one of the scientific disciplines which will have great influence in science and technology in the 21st century. Photonics can be defined as a scientific and technological discipline that studies and applies the properties of light and its interaction with the material. Photonics plays an essential role in the discovery of new phenomena in nature and in the development of new technologies and is of key importance in the generation of knowledge as well as in the market of innovative products. The programme covers the following topics such as the development of lasers and optical systems; application of lasers for measurement tasks and materials processing; optical communication; optical measurement techniques and microscopy methods; semiconductor technology and micro-systems and photovoltaic.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

Successful completed BPE / B.P.Ed. / B.Sc. Physical Education / Other relevant degree from a recognized board with minimum 50% aggregate marks

Description:

Solid State Physics has had tremendous impact on the technological changes in the past 70 years. With the discovery of transistor in the early 1950's, semiconductor industry has paved the way for the advent of microelectronics, minicomputers and information technology. Semiconductor lasers and laser amplifiers have revolutionized optical communication. Solid State Physics has also contributed to the design of important technological materials, which have found applications in sensor technology, MEMS and MOEMS. It has become imperative for physicists to get involved in solving the practical problems faced by engineers. A firm foundation of the basic principles of solid state physics and practical knowledge of the solid state devices has become an absolute necessity

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

A candidate must have passed the Graduate in Science from a recognized University (established/approved by UGC) with Physics as an elective subject (Minimum 50 % marks, & 45 % for SC/ST from Uttarakhand.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

The eligibility of which is passing B.Sc. Nuclear Physics with Physics and Mathematics are compulsory subjects of study with a minimum of 50% marks and above from a recognized university. 

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

candidates should have completed 50% overall in Physics Graduation 

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

B. Sc. with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry/ Computer Science /Electronics/ Computer Maintenance/ Space Science/ Statistics Or B. Sc. (Hons.) in Physics with 50% marks

Description:

The M Sc Astronomy & Astrophysics is a full-time two year program based upon 100% coursework. The coursework may be tailored to a student’s needs, and can include astrophysical techniques, astrophysical computing, planetary science, stellar astrophysics, galaxies, cosmology, and courses from cognate disciplines. Many courses contain research or hands-on components that develop skills and knowledge in the latest advances in astronomy and astrophysics. They also offer training in areas highly relevant outside of academia, e.g. project management, computer programing, and problem solving skills. Some of the courses may include the acquisition and analysis of telescope data, the development of theoretical models, or the development and testing of new astronomical instrumentation.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

B.Sc. Honors School/B.Sc. Honors in Physics with minimum 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized university.

Description:

The course helps to train the innovative minds in the latest developments in Physics as applicable in the field of modern inventions and discoveries. The course includes Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Electronic Devices, Statistical Mechanics, Electrodynamics and Plasma Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Condensed Matter, Nuclear and Particle Physics. The duration of the course is two years and it is career orienting in nature.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

Aspirants should have 50% aggregate pass marks in Bachelor’s Degree in (any discipline) (with Physics and Maths) or equivalent.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

Candidate must have passed the B.Sc in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Life Sciences or B.Tech in Material science / Mechanical / Biomedical / Chemical / Biotechnology / Electronics / Computer Science from recognized University.

Description:

M Sc Physics with Nano Science - aims to enhance problem solving skills of students so that they will be well equipped to tackle national level competitive exams. The program also acts as a bridge between theoretical knowhow and its implementation in experimental scenario. Since the specialization of this program is nanoscience it covers basic ideas of nanostructured materials, physics of nanosolids and nanoelectronics. The program also introduces the students to the scientific research approach in defining problems, execution through analytical methods, systematic presentation of results keeping in line with the research ethics through M. Sc dissertations

Duration: 3-6 years
Eligibility:

students who have done a three-year B.Sc. programme, securing at least 55% marks in Physics Honours/Major or in aggregate if there is no Honours/Major. Students in the final year of their B.Sc. programme may also apply, but can be admitted only if they have appeared for their B.Sc. final examinations before joining the M.Sc. Programme

Description:

M.Sc. Ph.D. (Dual Degree) programme for bright and motivated students who have done a three-year B.Sc. programme, securing at least 55% marks in Physics Honours/Major or in aggregate if there is no Honours/Major. Students in the final year of their B.Sc. programme may also apply, but can be admitted only if they have appeared for their B.Sc. final examinations before joining the M.Sc. Programme. Admission is provisional to securing 55% marks as stipulated. Admission in through All-India JAM Examination and around 9 students are admitted each year. Students in this programme get a thorough training in basics together with the students of the M.Sc. (Two-year) programme, before moving on to the Ph.D. programme. M.Sc. degree will be awarded on completion of all academic requirements of the first six semesters. The entire programme is designed with attractive financial and time-saving features.

Duration: 2 years
Eligibility:

The common requirement for pursuing M.Phil.in Physics course is a pass in Master’s degree in the respective subjects with at least 55% of the aggregate marks from any recognized university. Those students who are in their final year are also eligible to apply for M.Phil.in Physics.

Candidate with Master’s Degree in the relevant subject with not less than 55% of marks or 5.51 Grade point average scale under CBCS. The candidates who have qualified for the Master’s Degree prior to 19-09-1991, with not less than 50% of marks, are also eligible to register for M.Phil. Programme in this University. SC /ST candidates are given 5% exemption from the prescribed minimum marks.

Duration: 2-5 years
Eligibility:

The basic eligibility for PhD Physics course admission is Bachelor’s Degree, M.Phil. degree or MSc in Physics or Material Science with a minimum of 60% aggregate score. Apart from merit, the admissions process also includes various entrance exams like CSIR/UGC-JRF, CSIR/UGC, JEST/GATE for PhD Physics courses.


Duration: 3-5 years
Eligibility:

Student must qualify a Master's or M.phil degree securing a minimum 55% marks from a recognized university

Description:

In this course, students have to do basic investigation in the subjects like Statistical Physics, Electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and also the application of Physics in classical and quantum mechanisms. Students must require some proficiency in mathematics with good knowledge in Physics to pursue this course. 

Duration: 3-5 years
Eligibility:

Minimum required eligibility for Ph.D program is M.Sc. (Physics) / Integrated M.Sc. (Physics) / B.E. / B.Tech. / M.E. / M.Tech degree with minimum 60% marks 

Physics as a Career

Physics Teacher : A Physics instructor assist students in comprehending the principles of energy, matter, power, and substance, as well as all of the laws that govern them.

Statistician : A Statistician gather data and supervise Statistical and Data Analysts to ensure that the client receives accurate statistics.

Radiologist : Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, and other diagnostic images are studied and interpreted by radiologist.

Research Associate : A research associate is professional engages in the field of research.

Content Developer: A content developer creates, analyze and reviews content.

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